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SCI讨论如何写——万能句型(推荐收藏)

Background information: reference to literature or to research aim/question

Several reports have shown that …

As mentioned in the literature review, …
The third question in this research was …
Prior studies that have noted the importance of …
An initial objective of the project was to identify …
The first question in this study sought to determine …
It was hypothesised that participants with a history of …
Very little was found in the literature>The present study was designed to determine the effect of …
With respect to the first research question, it was found that …
This study set out with the aim of assessing the importance of X in …
Previous studies evaluating X observed inconsistent results>A strong relationship between X and Y has been reported in the literature.
In reviewing the literature, no data was found on the association between X and Y.

Statements of result: usually with reference to results section

One interesting finding is …
The current study found that …
Another important finding was that …
The most interesting finding was that …
In this study, Xs were found to cause …
The results of this study show/indicate that …
On the question of X, this study found that …
This experiment did not detect any evidence for …
The most important clinically relevant finding was …
X provided the largest set of significant clusters of …
It is interesting to note that in all seven cases of this study …
The most obvious finding to emerge from the analysis is that …
In the current study, comparing X with Y showed that the mean degree of …
The results of this study did not show that …/did not show any significant increase in …

Unexpected outcome

Surprisingly, X was found to ….
What is surprising is that ….
One unanticipated finding was that ….
Surprisingly, no differences were found in ….
This finding was unexpected and suggests that ….
It is somewhat surprising that no X was noted in this condition ….
Contrary to expectations, this study did not find a significant difference between ….
However, the observed difference between X and Y in this study was not significant.
However, the ANOVA (one way) showed that these results were not statistically significant.

This study has been unable to demonstrate that …

Reference to previous research: contrast

However, this result has not previously been described.
In contrast to earlier findings, however, no evidence of X was detected.

Smith et al. (1999) showed that …. This differs from the findings presented here …

However, the findings of the current study do not support the previous research.

It has been suggested that … (Smith et al., 2002). This does not appear to be the case.

These results differ from X’s 2003 estimate of Y, but they are broadly consistent with earlier …

Although, these results differ from some published studies (Smith, 1992; Jones, 1996), they are consistent with those of …

Explanations for results

A possible explanation for this might be that …
Another possible explanation for this is that …
This result may be explained by the fact that …
There are, however, other possible explanations.
These relationships may partly be explained by …
There are several possible explanations for this result.
A possible explanation for these results may be the lack of adequate …
These differences can be explained in part by the proximity of X and Y.
These factors may explain the relatively good correlation between X and Y.
This inconsistency may be due to …
These results are likely to be related to …
This discrepancy could be attributed to …
It seems possible that these results are due to …
This rather contradictory result may be due to …
The observed increase in X could be attributed to …
It is difficult to explain this result, but it might be related to …
The possible interference of X cannot be ruled out.
It may be that these participants benefitted from …
Differences between X and Y may have influenced …
These possible sources of error could have affected …
There are two likely causes for the differences between …
The reason for this is not clear but it may have something to do with …
The observed correlation between X and Y might be explained in this way: …
Since this difference has not been found elsewhere it is probably not due to …

Advising cautious interpretation

Another source of uncertainty is …
A note of caution is due here since …

These findings may be somewhat limited by …

These findings cannot be extrapolated to all patients.

These data must be interpreted with caution because …

It could be argued that the positive results were due to …

These results therefore need to be interpreted with caution.

In observational studies, there is a potential for bias from …

It is important to bear in mind the possible bias in these responses.

Although exclusion of X did not …, these results should be interpreted with caution.

However, with a small sample size, caution must be applied, as the findings might not be …

Suggesting general hypotheses

It is possible, therefore, that …
It can thus be suggested that …
In general, therefore, it seems that …
It may be the case therefore that these variations …
It is therefore likely that such connections exist between …
It is possible to hypothesise that these conditions are less likely to occur in …
These findings suggest that …
According to these data, we can infer that …
This observation may support the hypothesis that …
Hence, it could conceivably be hypothesised that …
The value of X suggests that a weak link may exist between …
These results provide further support for the hypothesis that …
Therefore, X could be a major factor, if not the only one, causing …

Noting implications

It can therefore be assumed that the …
An implication of this is the possibility that …
The present study raises the possibility that …
One of the issues that emerges from these findings is …
Some of the issues emerging from this finding relate specifically to …
These findings may help us to understand …
This finding, while preliminary, suggests that .…
This finding has important implications for developing …
This observational study suggests that a diet rich in X may help prevent …
These findings raise intriguing questions regarding the nature and extent of …
This combination of findings provides some support for the conceptual premise that …

Commenting on findings

These findings are rather disappointing.
However, these results were not very encouraging.

The test was successful as it was able to identify students who …

The present results are significant in at least two major respects.

The results of this study do not explain the occurrence of these adverse events.

These findings will doubtless be much scrutinised, but there are some immediately dependable conclusions for …

Suggestions for future work

This is an important issue for future research.
Research questions that could be asked include …
There are still many unanswered questions about …
Several questions remain unanswered at present.
Despite these promising results, questions remain.
Further work is required to establish the viability of…
Further research should be undertaken to investigate the …
There is abundant room for further progress in determining …
A further study with more focus>Future studies>In further research, the use of this data as X could be a means of …
To develop a full picture of X additional studies will be needed that …
In future investigations, it might be possible to use a different X in which …
Further studies, which take these variables into account, will need to be undertaken.
However, more research on this topic needs to be undertaken before the association between X and Y is more clearly understood.

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